Latest Nordic Walking Research

Effects of short-term Nordic walking training on sarcopenia-related parameters in women with low bone mass: a preliminary study

Several studies have demonstrated the positive effects of physical activity on skeletal muscle mass and muscle strength in women with osteoporosis. However, the impact of Nordic walking training on sarcopenia-related parameters in women with low bone mass remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of 12 weeks of Nordic walking training on skeletal muscle index, muscle strength, functional mobility, and functional performance in women with low bone mass.

The participants were 45 women, aged 63–79 years, with osteopenia or osteoporosis. The subjects were randomly assigned either to an experimental group (12 weeks of Nordic walking training, three times a week) or to a control group. ...

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Source: Dovepress:Clinical Interventions in Aging


Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates exercise programs on blood glucose and lipid profile in overweight and obese postmenopausal women

During menopause, defined as the cessation of menstrual bleeding, numerous metabolic changes take place. The postmenopausal period is characterized by, for instance, a drop in the levels of estradiol and highdensity lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and an increase in body weight (often with fat accumulating in the stomach area) and an increase in the concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol or very-low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides (TG). The postmenopausal period is also diabetogenic, manifesting as decreased glucose tolerance.

Each of these elements contributes to atherosclerotic processes and is a component of a potentially life-threatening or health-threatening disorder called the metabolic syndrome. Thus, intervention
is necessary ...

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Source: The Journal of The North American Menopause Society; Vol. 22, No. 11, pp. 1215-1223

Exploring Muscle Activation during Nordic Walking: A Comparison between Conventional and Uphill Walking


Nordic Walking (NW) owes much of its popularity to the benefits of greater energy expenditure and upper body engagement than found in conventional walking (W). Muscle activation during NW is still understudied, however. The aim of the present study was to assess differences in muscle activation and physiological responses between NW andWin level and uphill walking conditions. Nine expert Nordic Walkers (mean age 36.8±11.9 years; BMI 24.2 ±1.8 kg/m2) performed 5-minute treadmill trials ofWand NW at 4 km/h on inclines of 0% and 15%.

The electromyographic activity of seven upper body and five leg muscles and oxygen consumption (VO2) were recorded and pole force during NW was measured. VO2 during NW was 22.3% higher at 0% and only 6.9% higher at 15% than during W, while upper body muscle activation was 2- to 15-fold higher under both conditions. Lower body muscle activation was similarly increased during NW andWin the uphill condition, whereas the increase in erector spinae muscle activity was lower during NW than W.

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Source: PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0138906 September 29, 2015

Nordic walking improves daily physical activities in COPD

Nordic walking improves daily physical activities in COPD: a randomised controlled trial

ABSTRACT In patients with COPD progressive dyspnoea leads to a sedentary lifestyle. To date, no studies exist investigating the effects of Nordic Walking in patients with COPD. Therefore, the aim was to determine the feasibility of Nordic Walking in COPD patients at different disease stages. Furthermore we aimed to determine the short- and long-term effects of Nordic Walking on COPD patients' daily physical activity pattern as well as on patients exercise capacity.

Sixty COPD patients were randomised to either Nordic Walking or to a control group. Patients of the Nordic Walking group (n = 30; age: 62 +/- 9 years; FEV1: 48 +/- 19% predicted) underwent a three-month outdoor Nordic Walking exercise program consisting of one hour walking at 75% of their initial maximum heart rate three times per week, whereas controls had no exercise intervention. Primary endpoint: daily physical activities (measured by a validated tri-axial accelerometer); secondary endpoint: functional exercise capacity (measured by the six-minute walking distance; 6MWD). Assessment time points in both groups: baseline, after three, six and nine months.
After three month training period, in the Nordic Walking group time spent walking and standing as well as intensity of walking increased (Delta walking time: +14.9 +/- 1.9 min/day; Delta standing time: +129 +/- 26 min/day; Delta movement intensity: +0.40 +/- 0.14 m/s2) while time spent sitting decreased (Delta sitting time: -128 +/- 15 min/day) compared to baseline (all: p < 0.01) as well as compared to controls (all: p < 0.01). Furthermore, 6MWD significantly increased compared to baseline (Delta 6MWD: +79 +/- 28 meters) as well as compared to controls (both: p < 0.01). These significant improvements were sustained six and nine months after baseline. In contrast, controls showed unchanged daily physical activities and 6MWD compared to baseline for all time points.

Nordic Walking is a feasible, simple and effective physical training modality in COPD. In addition, Nordic Walking has proven to positively impact the daily physical activity pattern of COPD patients under short- and long-term observation.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine and Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for COPD and Respiratory Epidemiology, Otto Wagner Hospital, Sanatoriumstreet 2, 1140 Vienna, Austria.
Respiratory research (Impact Factor: 3.36). 01/2010; 11:112. DOI:10.1186/1465-9921-11-112
Source: PubMed

Nordic walking versus ordinary walking for people with Parkinson's Disease


This single case repeated measures mixed methods design tested the feasibility of protocols for a larger investigation of the effect of Nordic and ordinary walking on physical function and wellbeing in people with Parkinson’s disease.

There were five six week phases (ABACA); A = baseline/washout, B = ordinary walking, C = Nordic walking. A 64 year old female with an 11 year history of Parkinson’s disease participated. Physical function was measured weekly with the six-minute walk test, Timed Up and Go test, and 10-metre walk test. The mobility and activities of daily living subscales of the Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire were answered at the beginning of the study and end of each phase.

At the end of the study the participant was interviewed about her experiences of the walking and the physical and psychological effects. Repeated measures analysis of variance analysed the statistical physical function data and the transcribed interview data were analysed using content analysis. No significant results occurred in the expected direction for the physical function analyses. Interview analysis revealed the participant considered Nordic walking more beneficial than ordinary walking; her general health improved, and she coped better with daily activities.

 Future similar research should include objective measures of daily functional activities and aerobic fitness.

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